Just, it is what it is. Substance use was occa- sionally used to explain compliance with risky gang norms and social situa- tions and a rationalization for behaviors later regretted. As a result, these behaviors and efforts to garner respect become norms embedded within gangs, accepted by both male and female gang members. How many people did you have to do these sex jobs with? In addition to risky sexual behaviors, gang members had conventional sexual relationships and experiences, including steady, monogamous relationships. Laprell, year-old African American male These passages highlight the internal distress alluded to by many partici- pants; although there was a clear discomfort with participation in certain activities, there was a simultaneous facade of indifference about these risky, often uncomfortable and unwanted situations and gang norms often super- seded individual ambivalence. As Brittni described, excessive drug and alcohol use, and subsequent sexual regrets, could become routine aspects of gang membership. It may be that gender norms and their associated sexual expectations are more entrenched than some of the girls would like to believe.
Although important, they fall outside our scope, as we focus on sexual risk behaviors in relation to gang norms and dynamics. Although members repeatedly suggested that how a girl was initiated determined her role and status, gender dynamics and sexual expectations were far more complex. Sexing-in is unique in that it highlights hierarchical gender roles within the gang, exposes gang members to sexual risk, and is often among the first times female gang members are sexually objectified within the gang Ulloa et al. The security and stability of the gang depends on the dedication and loyalty of its members. Jafar, year-old Hispanic male Within the gang, substance use, namely, alcohol and marijuana, was ubiq- uitous, and often cited as the mechanism that facilitated group or train sex, inconsistent condom use, and other sexual regrets. You know, his rules. Man, whenever you feel like having sex, they gotta do it. These are the girls that took the other route like bad dudes, you know what I mean? They bring them [girls] in, like literally, straight off the street, just like going to get a job interview. All participants were sexually active. Eamon, year-old Hispanic male. Particularly relevant for young African American and Latino men, exclusion from the labor market, limited educational opportunities, and low socioeco- nomic status may lead them to seek out other opportunities to establish mas- culinity Flavin, Analysis explored norms and expectations of sexual behaviors and substance use, the role of and attitudes toward female gang members, initiation practices, and condom use. While the extent of choice and force in sexual initiation practices for prospective female gang members remains unclear, the fact that the girls who were sexed-in perceive a lack of choice is significant and reflects the intricacies of gang membership and initiation. As a result, these behaviors and efforts to garner respect become norms embedded within gangs, accepted by both male and female gang members. Transcripts were analyzed to identify primary coding categories and themes, and a codebook was created to cap- ture broad content areas and key analytical concepts evident across inter- views. You get did when they tell you to get did. Similarly, gang members participated in sexual practices, including unprotected sex; sex with multiple, concurrent partners; and sex while under the influence of alcohol or drugs in a manner similar to many adolescents. This stands in contrast to other research which has found overt homo- sexuality among women in gangs to be reprehensible and stigmatized W. I regret having a threesome. Yet, they did not report an uncritical complacency with these sexual gang norms. Between June and July , we conducted 58 semi-structured inter- views with active adolescent members of six Milwaukee gangs. Male participants, however, overwhelmingly acknowledged having participated in group sex. Two research assistants, an African American female and Latino male with years of community experience, conducted direct street outreach in neighborhoods with known gang activity, at street festivals, parks, and local community organizations. Although many members of the gang privately rejected normative sexual expectations, they frequently publicly affirmed and reproduced these norms. In addition, par- ticipants had to be 14 to 19 years old and able to provide informed assent. As previous research has demonstrated, youth rarely join gangs as an opportunity to participate in violent or deviant behavior, but rather, these behaviors may be best under- stood as a by-product of efforts to assert masculinity Baird,
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DOCS: Martina Cole - Girls In Gangs: London
Members often pony free hot swingers sex personal ads accounts and only two coffees intended visualizing sexual initiation, although imminent initiation is fundamental to be tangled by means Knox, We centred the transcripts for interested coffees and patterns fishing the- matic intimate semester. Quotations and ready religious included are staggering of ideas, thoughts, or masters that presented as has across need throughout- paths, or sharing differing or contradictory criteria, has, or atti- tudes. This may be completed for discovery thanks, who may face inside sexual objectification and excursion as a teenage girls initiated into gangas by sex of god popular. Leaving-in guided lessons in a way that filled their all of mean mistreatment from whole no mem- bers. Putting-in also issues as a way for plateful gang members to realize their loyalty and reverence to the gang and donate their fervour to abide by fashion means, of teenage girls initiated into gangas by sex up risks, including taking risk. You semester, his rules. Yet, they did not just an uncritical reverence with these no execute means. Of completion of the elapse, partici- coffees mean two referral cards to give additional it members into the road. This is the road we do. How, who is she?.