However, in a series of studies conducted in the late s and early s that featured retrospective sexual history interviews with adult sexual offenders, many adults reported they began their sexual offending during adolescence. Department of Justice, Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering and Tracking SMART , was designed to provide policymakers and practitioners with trustworthy, up-to-date information they can use to identify and implement what works to combat sexual offending and prevent sexual victimization. It summarizes what is scientifically known about the topic and identifies policy implications, knowledge gaps, and unresolved controversies that emerge from the extant research and that might serve as a catalyst for future empirical study. Estimates of risk for sex offenders are used in a variety of decision-making contexts, including sentencing and criminal adjudications; determination of treatment needs, settings, and modalities; sex offender registration and notification proceedings; and civil commitment proceedings. It is based on a review of the scientific evidence on treatment effectiveness from both individual studies and synthesis research. These findings led practitioners and policymakers to focus more attention on juveniles who commit sexual offenses as a way to prevent adult sexual offending.
It presents findings about general recidivism, in addition to sexual recidivism specifically, because many sex offenders engage in both sexual and nonsexual crime. Given the importance of risk assessment in sex offender management and treatment, this webinar reviews the literature on the assessment of risk for sexual recidivism for juveniles who commit sexual offenses. Since the s, a significant body of knowledge specific to juveniles who commit sexual offenses has been developed, particularly in relation to the characteristics of these youth and their propensity to reoffend. In the absence of an empirically-based knowledge base on juveniles who commit sexual offenses, interventions for juveniles who commit sex crimes were constructed utilizing existing theories and practices designed for adults. It also addresses the recidivism rates of different types of sex offenders. Indeed, the number of treatment programs for juveniles who commit a sexual offense has increased significantly over the past 30 years, as recent research suggests that more than one-half of the sex-offender-specific treatment programs operating in the United States provide treatment services to juveniles. This webinar addresses adult sex offender typologies. It also reviews recently developed models of the sexual offense process that have been devised to include etiological theories of sexual offending and treatment-relevant factors, as they may ultimately replace traditional typologies to inform treatment and management of sexual offenders. It summarizes what is scientifically known about the topic and identifies policy implications, knowledge gaps, and unresolved controversies that emerge from the extant research and that might serve as a catalyst for future empirical study. This webinar reviews the scientific evidence on the effectiveness of treatment for juveniles who commit a sexual offense. This webinar focuses on providing a review of recidivism research for juveniles who commit sexual offenses, including both sexual and general recidivism. The information gained from typology research provides the foundation for designing and implementing more effective and efficient treatment programming and supervision protocols that reflect individualized risk and needs. Focusing on what is scientifically known about the impact of treatment on recidivism; key findings from single studies of juvenile treatment effectiveness as well as from research that synthesizes the results of many juvenile treatment effectiveness studies are presented. Department of Justice, Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering and Tracking SMART , was designed to provide policymakers and practitioners with trustworthy, up-to-date information they can use to identify and implement what works to combat sexual offending and prevent sexual victimization. While inconsistent research findings and measurement shortcomings no doubt have contributed to the ongoing controversy, a body of scientific evidence has emerged in recent years suggesting that therapeutic interventions for juveniles who sexually offend can and do work. However, there is little question that both public safety and the efficient use of public resources would be enhanced if sex offender management strategies were based on evidence of effectiveness rather than other factors. Despite the intuitive value of using science to guide decision-making, laws and policies designed to combat sexual offending are often introduced or enacted in the absence of empirical support. This webinar addresses the effectiveness of treatment for adult sexual offenders. Regardless of the purpose of risk assessment or point when it occurs, the assessment of risk involves making predictions about the likelihood of future behavior, which is an inherently difficult task. It summarizes what is scientifically known about risk assessment for juveniles who sexually offend and presents key, up-to-date research findings on the defining features and predictive accuracy of commonly used assessment instruments. The etiological research that will be reviewed in this webinar addresses the causes or origins of juvenile sexual offending, and the pathways related to the development, onset, and maintenance of sexually abusive behavior in this population. Knowledge about the etiology of sexual offending is important because it provides both conceptual frameworks and specific guidance that can be used to develop more effective prevention efforts across a broad continuum, from primary to tertiary. While there is strong scientific evidence that therapeutic interventions work for criminal offenders overall, the effectiveness of treatment for sexual offenders—whether juveniles or adults—has been subject to considerable debate. Like adult risk assessment, juvenile risk assessment traditionally has focused on the identification and assessment of factors within the individual that increase and possibly predict risk for sexual recidivism. It also described the strengths and weaknesses of the available data, including under-reporting of sex crimes, so policymakers and practitioners can better assess and interpret the existing knowledge base.
Video about sex offender risk factors for recidivism:
Sex Offender Risk Assessment
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